What is Interior Design?

Interior design is a multifaceted profession that uses creative and technical solutions within a structure to achieve a built interior environment. These solutions are functional, enhance the quality of life and culture of the occupants, and are aesthetically attractive. Designs are created in response to and coordinated with the building shell, and acknowledge the physical location and social context of the project. Designs must adhere to code and regulatory requirements, and encourage the principles of environmental sustainability.

The interior design process follows a systematic and coordinated methodology that includes research, analysis and integration of knowledge into the creative process. This methodology includes a wide range of tasks, including:

  • Determining and satisfying client and building code requirements for appearance, accessibility, environmental responsibility, and economic, physical, psychological, organizational, cultural and social considerations.
  • Creating visual representations and conceptual space plans—from stacking/zoning diagrams to block plans/square footage allocations— to develop design concepts and explore solutions.
  • Recommending finishes and materials and the placement of furniture and furnishings based on technical and design features, and evaluating consultant reports, technical information and manufacturers’ data for materials, methods and products.
  • Preparing interior construction documents, from demolition plans to permit applications, based on approved design, budget and schedules.